Uganda is mostly known as a Robusta producing country due to the fact that its the birthplace Of Robusta coffee and one of the few countries in the world with indigenous coffee.It produces both Specialty Arabica mostly in the western and Eastern region and specialty Robusta therefore its unique and Wonderfully crafted to produce amazing coffees that the world is yet to Explore.However ,as most of that coffee is robusta,uganda has struggled to achieve a reputation for quality.
Coffee sector recently hosted the international coffee council in Nairobi Kenya and the forum provided platform to discuss ways to address challenges facing the sector and ensuring growers get fair financial gains,This came at the time when kenya Government plans to mobilise shs 7.5 billion to fund the revival of the coffee sub-sector in the country .
Kenya accounts for 1% of the annual global output and the Kenyan coffee export earned march 2018 was 2.14 million (ksh 21.4 billion).
Kenya is globally reputed for production of fine Africa arabica coffee and their coffee is the category of Colombian milds or fine Arabica coffee that fetches the highest prices in the world market.
The sustainability of coffee industry starts by understanding costs of production and the variables that affect it. But the major challenge in African Great lakes Coffee (AGLC )growing region is non competitive milling and marketing systems that have removed coffee farmers from control of their commodities and extremely poor Archaic and diapidated coffee processing facilities.climate change, pest and Diseases,land disability and land fragmentation,political unrest and civil war
Lack of access of credit and other forms of working capital and general poor and non-accountable management systems from the farm level to the market and the following factors have led to a decay in sustainable coffee farming .
Price of coffee is at its lowest due to Arabica prices being stagnant and the fact that coffee production in most AGLC has been stagnant for the last 15 years. But one aspect for sure that cannot be ignored is domestic coffee consumption and how it will revive and improve the livelihood of 12 million coffee farms worldwide.
Domestic coffee consumption in partnership with other producing countries to counter the current low prices was one of the strategies in ICO conference in Nairobi.
Kenya is globally reputed for production of fine arabica coffee “our coffee is classified in the category of colombian milds or fine Arabica coffee that fetches the highest prices in the world market ,” Kieyah said in a recent interview and was one of the Delegates at the conference.
“Promotion of Consumption as an antidote to the current low prices,”by Carlos H.J Brando
One can make the world better by consuming more Coffee, The more coffee consumed,the greater the chance that the price paid by consumers will help the growers and the workers to produce more sustainably,Economically,Socially and Environmentally.
Global coffee consumption will rise by a third to 200 million bags by 2030,as population increases and disposable income rise ,according to WEF.
Domestic coffee consumption in East Africa is Promising with the young and fast growing population compared with the low per capita income levels,apart from Kenya most countries in East Africa are listed as low Developing Countries according to UN.
We need not only to focus on the supply for coffee as has been the practice in the coffee sector in Africa but also to consider that the farmer is vital and a necessity for the success of the sector. We need innovation and specific technology tailored to empower the African coffee farmers because its necessary and it improve the livelihood of the coffee farmers from producing countries of Africa.
“The fact that certain doctrines have been held as truth for many years by our people is not proof that our ideas are infalliable,”(RH: December 20, 1892).
Life is a lot more convenient these days for Notable coffee producers and their real-life compañeros. wallets are now digital, speeding up payments for their crops, easing access to government benefits and providing timely information that can use in the field which are digitally connected and Geo- mapped digital coffee farms (digital and cloud coffee farms) but the silent majority small holder farms are repetitedly affected by low coffee prices ,limited access to technology and community services due to political instabilities and unrest, poor road network coupled with limited access to finance and credit facilitilities ,Archaic and dilapidated coffee processing facilities and generally poor and non-accountable management systems from the farm level to the markets .African coffees are increasingly surging the specialty coffee markets at this point of time production investment and technology is key to coffee producing regions in Africa . In 2014 East african coffee production was 13.2 million bags thus contributing 9.3% of the world production and in 2018/19 coffee production in Africa is estimated at 1.8% higher at 17.8 million bags of coffee. Therefore the world’s top five coffee traders account for 40% traded volumes whereby the largest offtakers the key issue is securing a regular supply of beans.
IBM recently raised the bar with 50-Qubit quantum computer,Researchers have built the most sophisticated quantum computer yet signaling progress towards apowerful new way from traditional computers,using the counter intuitive native of quantum physics,other systems built so far have had limited capabailities and could perform only calculations that could be also be done on a conventional supercomputer.
A 50-qubit machine can do thigs that are extremely difficult to stimulate with quantum technology whereas normal computers store info as either a 1 or a 0,quantum computers exploit two phenomena entanglement and superposition to process information differently, useful quantum sustems are now accessible through the cloud and developing relevant software tools and also showing how even a simplemachine can do useful work in field like chemistry.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. Mugsy also uses artificial intelligence technology to learn how to make your perfect cup. Oswald said: “Mugsy also uses machine learning and artificial intelligence to learn how to make a cup of coffee that perfectly fits with your preferences,As well as allowing users to order their coffee by text.
Gastrogragh AI is the first first artificial intelligence platform to unterstand human sensory perception,This AI understands what consumers prefer by segmenting the population into different demographic groups and modeling their preference archetypes and theirfore bridging the gap between consumers preference and great products
This application has helped producers to make and sell great product from conception to consumption
Innovation and technology is paramount for success in coffee industry therefore there is need to embrace specialised Artificial intelligence that understands human perception of flavor and preference.This AI understands what consumers prefer by segmenting the population into different demographic groups .
Deep market insights will help the silent majority small holder farmers and coffee producers to understand a consumers taste in coffee beverage and coffee character to deliver repeated purchases ,hence empowering farmers to fatch higher premium coffee prices.
High Quality micro-lot from the Sipi falls in Eastern Uganda breaks the record for an EastAfrican coffee at auction outside of the cup of Excellence.
Entered to the 2018 Uganda Taste of Harvest Competition bidding climbed quickly to $10.65/lb
These winning coffees were documented and each lot and Nano-lot is traceable to the farm and exact micro-lot.
The 2018-2019 Uganda Taste of Harvest Competition were held at Uganda coffee Development Authority coffee Laboratory at lugogo,uganda and were presided over by Head Nandi Jordon and team of three other experienced Ugandan cuppers
The winner of washed uganda Arabica was kawacom with 86.0625 Sipi Mt Elgon Region with cupping notes of caramel,Appricot,floral,Red Rose
And the winning Natural processed coffee was also from Kawacom uganda limited, with 86.435 Honey coffee Kabeywa and this coffee highlighted amazing character notes of Ripe fruit,jackfruit,cane suger and jasmine.
The record turnout from the uganda coffee sector cupped over 40 uganda coffees all of which were judged for their intrinsic quality characteristics .
fully list of the best winning coffees
Battle of the African Barista Titans
10th African Barista Challenge happening today on 15/02/2019@afca2019 Rwanda..
A New African Barista champion will be crowned today.
#Team uganda, Zambia , Rwanda , Kenya….
Known as the “Land of a Thousand Hills”
The population density in Rwanda is very high and as a result much of the country is cultivated, and the terraced hillsides have been compared to those in Nepal or the Phillipines.
Like many other countries in the region, Rwanda’s economy is largely agriculturally based, dominated by coffee which accounts for 75% of export income. Other principal food crops include plantain, , sweet potato, beans, cassava, sorghum and maize.
Ebook Free copy
Exploring African Great lakes coffees vol1
Floral and fauna of Mt Rwenzori makes it the preferred coffee origin not only for its bio-diversity but exquisite and exceptional coffees in the region therefore the true beauty of mountain coffee was formed 3 million years ago
The story of Mt.Rwenzori coffee is one of a nimble and innovative response to profound changes in the high-end specialty coffee market,Historically coffee farmers took their fruit to large and centralized mills for processing.
The High growing elevation of 5900 meters above sea level makes the cup to have a bright and substantial mouthfeel ,the mountain coffee of Mt.Rwenzori clearly defines the identity and character in the cup in relation to the terroir of the region .
Uganda’s coffee producer urged to enhance product quality
Green coffee is considered to be an agricultural commodity,so can be traded on commodity markets.Arabica coffee is traded on the New York international commodity Exchange (NY ICE),whereas its counterpart Robusta coffee on LIFFE London international financial futures Exchange
Commodity price indices are used as a starting point for negotiations when buying coffee ,falling prices of commodity markets and low prices for high quality African specialty coffee will greatly affects small coffee producers mostly in African coffee growing regions where the coffee production cost are high coupled with poverty ,dysfunctional government systems and co-operative societies,poor book keeping records,poor infrastructure and limited access to financial services.
Therefore small holder farmers need more commitment and support from coffee exporters ,producers and notably roasters to recognize and reward more to small holders farmers at origin .
According to Ejournal ,Exploring African Great lakes coffee in East African countries,labour cost represent more than 70% of the total production and a further 30% on disease and control.
For example in Burundi the average cost of production for a farmer who adopts good agricultural practices varies between 50.1 us cents to 57.6 us cents per tree where an average size of a farm is 100 trees,therefore coffee sustainability is still a challenge due to high costs production for certified coffee and specialty coffee involved in the perspective of an African coffee farmer.
Uganda is ranked the 4th producer of Robusta coffee in the world and is currently producing 4.8 million bags ,The 2025 roadmap of 20 million bags has enchanted the increase in both quality and quantity and there is hope that this will attract future markets to continue to pay higher premiums for high quality coffee.
The ugandan coffee provides and encourages more coffee stock brokers with attractive discounts on high quality specialty Arabica coffee and specialty Robusta to attract more Coffee exports and production coffee investments in uganda .The ugandan government has created an attractive and conducive investment hubs and parks ready for future coffee investment and value addition to ugandan coffee.
Most certified stocks are usually mostly made up of Robusta coffee from Vietnam the world ‘s top grower of the variety.meanwhile the strong physical differentials continue to make Vietnamese beans more expensive for the industry,further boosting the appeal of the cheaper certified Robusta.
Coffee prices are likely to increase in the 2018/2019 harvest season compared to the 2017 ico coffee prices clearly justified the above narrative by highlighting the difference in prices of coffee from the major coffee growing regions in the previous 2017 harvest.
Current Green coffee production
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Coffee price crisis and the effects of falling coffee prices are real
“The wealth which enslaves the owner isn’t wealth ” An African proverb
Soil is an important matter for coffee cultivation ,soil supplies many necessary nutrients for healthy growth of a coffee plant and hence the desired cup quality,the coffee yield and cup quality is largely dependent on the soil on which the coffee grows.Before cultivation , its very important to check the soil for nutrients,by checking the soil you will know whether the soil is having enough amount of nutrients or not
If any nutrient is less or more than the required amount so that necessary measures can be taken.
Paat soil clinic has helped to address the issue of soil fertility and management in uganda,
Soil testing encourages plant growth by providing the best fertilizers recommendations in line with certification agency
By diagnosing whether there is too little or too much of the nutrients
Soil testing promotes environmental quality and also has helped many small holder coffee farmers to save money on unwanted fertilizers
Paat soil clinic has improved on household income among small holder farmers.
Desuzacoffees encourages small holder farmers to consider the following before testing your soil samples
because at Desuzacoffees we take pride in the following obligations and objectives .
We highlight the best specialty coffee from small holder farmers and producers of single origin coffee from eastern region and mountains of the moon (rwenzori region)
We empower coffee community groups and farmers to sell their coffees directly to the Roasters .
The careful harvesting enables families to fetch the best prices, enabling them send their children to school and improve their standard of living.
Small holder farms selectively pick on the ripe cherries ￼, process and dry the coffee with tender care.
- Techniques of precision farming
- Using and obtaining valid soil samples
- Knowledge of fertilizers quality
- Fertilizers application methods
- Knowing the benefits and limitations of manure use
How to calculate fertilizer blend follow the link below
Soil scanner services through farmer cooperatives
According to ICTupdate ,an online web magazine which highlights innovation and research development aimed at improving livelihoods of small holder farmers in Africa and beyond clearly indicated that In Africa, many farmers lack on-site soil and crop information and base their fertiliser selection on intuition or on tacit knowledge and advice from local agro dealers, without knowing the actual nutrient status of their soils. This can result in a mismatch between applied nutrients and required nutrients for productive soils. More so, applying non-limiting nutrients results in economic losses and environmental degradation. What is needed, is real-time information on the nutrient status of soils for informed decision-making on fertilisation. Worldwide, only about 5% of the farmers have access to reliable soil testing information. Conventional soil test laboratories are expensive and testing is done off field, advice is often complex and delivered with delay. But recent technological innovations in IT, sensor technology and machine learning, have opened up new possibilities.
Causes of Decline in soil fertility
- Nutrient Mining
- Loss of top soil by erosion
- Physical degradation of soil for example poor structure ,crusting and water-logging
- Decrease in organic matter content and bio-diversity
- Loss of nutrient through various routes
- Soil acidification,salinization and Alkalization
- Inefficient soil management and soil pollution.
How coffee has improved on rural livelihood in African great lakes region
Credit:Paat soil clinic
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