Coffee production is sensitive to Temperature,Rainfall and variations in weather
Regular sequence of weather patterns is crucial to the healthy development of coffee trees, and coffee quality in order to maintain a sustainable coffee production and improve the lives of coffee farmers by increasing their farm gate income and improve their standards of living .
Climate change has jeopardized the economic and environmental sustainability and survival of 25 million coffee families worldwide,A major concern are the external factors that negatively affect coffee production and the small holder farmers and this is highly motivated by increasing poverty levels in most coffee producing countries in the African Great Lakes region .
Climate change is characterized by extreme weather Events which include
Strong and in timely rains and wind
Extended dry seasons
Soil resources in the highlands of Uganda for example coffee growing regions around mountain Elgon in the Eastern part of Uganda and Areas around West nile southern western Uganda and coffee growing regions of mountain Ruwenzori have potential for high agricultural production ,they offer a diversity of opportunities for human survival
However due to luck of ,productivity has been reduced drastically
,currently major problem include many types of soil degradation,erosion,leaching and biological degradation of vegetation humus and soil organisms,
Causes include severe population pressure and lack of appropriate strategies for soil management
Coffee Nature vs coffee Nurture
Nature is what we think of as pre-wiring and is influenced by genetic inheritance and other biological factors whereas Nurture is generally taken as the influence of external factors after conception for example the product of exposure, Experience and learning on an individual
Therefore the success of quality coffee Quality and increased coffee production is more to do with ,variety Genetics ,cultivar whereas the Terroir in this case the environment influence the way they interact in a complex manner
Some of the reforms that will strengthen a sustainable supply chain
To restore and improve soil resources in the highlands of Uganda and coffee growing Areas is a positive approach and urgent attempt to put end to the above cause factors are needed, A well-planned soil policy is essential first step.
Promoting restoration of degraded landscape for sustainable production and to maintain eco system service
Promoting sustainable food systems to meet growing Ugandan and global demand
Promoting Deforestation-free Agriculture commodity supply chain to slow loss of tropical forests.
Some of the measures that will support carbon storage in farmlands which will include reduced tillage, integrated crop-livestock
Agroforestry and other innovative soil quality improving techniques that clearly target sustainable and scalable GHG emissions reduction hence sustainable management of dry land landscapes and soil management
Theory of change
This approach will help to achieve the global and Ugandan vision for climate resilient ,sustainable and integrated landscape solutions ,in order to maintain and improve the environmental benefit.this strategy was recently supported by the current National coffee policy.
Using Permculture to restore and improve soil resources in the coffee growing regions and highlands is a positive approach to improve on coffee Quality in uganda