Author Archives: Desuza AGABA DENNIS

Soil testing Continues to improve on Rural livelihood of coffee small holder farmers in uganda.

Soil is an important matter for coffee cultivation ,soil supplies many necessary nutrients for healthy growth of a coffee plant and hence the desired cup quality,the coffee yield and cup quality is largely dependent on the soil on which the coffee grows.Before cultivation , its very important to check the soil for nutrients,by checking the soil you will know whether the soil is having enough amount of nutrients or not

If any nutrient is less or more than the required amount so that necessary measures can be taken.

Paat soil clinic has helped to address the issue of soil fertility and management in uganda,

Soil testing encourages plant growth by providing the best fertilizers recommendations in line with certification agency

By diagnosing whether there is too little or too much of the nutrients

Soil testing promotes environmental quality and also has helped many small holder coffee farmers to save money on unwanted fertilizers

Paat soil clinic has improved on household income among small holder farmers.

Desuzacoffees encourages small holder farmers to consider the following before testing your soil samples

because at Desuzacoffees we take pride in the following obligations and objectives .

We highlight the best specialty coffee from small holder farmers and producers of single origin coffee from eastern region and mountains of the moon (rwenzori region)

Empowering Communities

We empower coffee community groups and farmers to sell their coffees directly to the Roasters .

Lifestyle Improvement

The careful harvesting enables families to fetch the best prices, enabling them send their children to school and improve their standard of living.

Coffee Harvesting

Small holder farms selectively pick on the ripe cherries , process and dry the coffee with tender care.

  • Soil fertility management will help to boast on the quality and productivity of your coffee yields on the farm.
    • Techniques of precision farming
    • Using and obtaining valid soil samples
    • Knowledge of fertilizers quality
    • Fertilizers application methods
    • Knowing the benefits and limitations of manure use

    How to calculate fertilizer blend follow the link below

    Soil scanner services through farmer cooperatives

    According to ICTupdate ,an online web magazine which highlights innovation and research development aimed at improving livelihoods of small holder farmers in Africa and beyond clearly indicated that In Africa, many farmers lack on-site soil and crop information and base their fertiliser selection on intuition or on tacit knowledge and advice from local agro dealers, without knowing the actual nutrient status of their soils. This can result in a mismatch between applied nutrients and required nutrients for productive soils. More so, applying non-limiting nutrients results in economic losses and environmental degradation. What is needed, is real-time information on the nutrient status of soils for informed decision-making on fertilisation. Worldwide, only about 5% of the farmers have access to reliable soil testing information. Conventional soil test laboratories are expensive and testing is done off field, advice is often complex and delivered with delay. But recent technological innovations in IT, sensor technology and machine learning, have opened up new possibilities.

    Causes of Decline in soil fertility

    • Nutrient Mining
    • Loss of top soil by erosion
    • Physical degradation of soil for example poor structure ,crusting and water-logging
    • Decrease in organic matter content and bio-diversity
    • Loss of nutrient through various routes
    • Soil acidification,salinization and Alkalization
    • Inefficient soil management and soil pollution.

    How coffee has improved on rural livelihood in African great lakes region


    Credit:Soilcares fundation

    Credit:Paat soil clinic

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    Message of hope as UCDA and OWC joins hands to ensure Quality

    Uganda which mostly grows 80% Robusta and 20%Arabica is boosting out trees planted in recent years come into production.The state run Uganda coffee Development Authority has said the crop may reach 5.8 million bags in 2020 and the country is targeting 20 million bags in 2025.

    (OWC )operation wealth creation lunched in July 2013 by president Yoweri Museveni to create a system that facilitates effective national socio-economic transformation with the focus on raising household income ,According to OWC achievement recorded from UCDA coffee seedlings generate capacity increased from 44.57m in Financial year 2012/13 to 285.20 million financial year 2016/17 ,coffee seedlings increased from 19.3 million in FY 2012/13 to 172.77 million in FY 2016/17

    Production has increased from 4 million bags in FY 2015/16 to 4.7 million bags in FY2017 and envisaged to increase 11% to 5.1 million 60 kilogram bags because of the better growing conditions,There was a marked increase in both quantity of exports and in value in FY 2016/17 of 18% and 39% respectively compared to FY 2015/16


    How coffee processing has helped to improve on the Quality

    Coffee hullers and processors were taught and guided on how to improve on processing techniques and implement the laws governing producing coffee which eventually resulted into a better quality cup but still the factory owners were warned and advised to follow the UCDA set standards and put permanent structures.

    Coffee takes 2 to 5 years after with some varieties taking 3 years for the first harvest.However poor processing may jeopardize a year’s work in a matter of hours,Drying is probably the processing phase where most losses are incurred if not properly performed followed perhaps by pulping if used and hulling.

    Sun drying maybe negatively affected by adverse weather ,lack of or poorly trained labor,inadequate tools e.t.c if excessive rain may prevent and cause unwanted fermentation

    Excessive heat can have several negative impacts on coffee quality from bleaching to turning unripe cherries into black beans.

    Over heating affects cup quality of kiboko popular name with sun dried coffee in Uganda mostly Robusta,”kiboko” a local word for Cane .

    During colonial times the clan leaders and village chief Caned coffee farmers who dried coffee on bare ground .kiboko or sun dried (drugar) a grading classification for sun dried Ugandan Arabica coffee, should be revolved frequently. Though companies have resorted to mechanical drying and use of solar driers .

    Hulling May cause physical damage to coffee beans mostly if the coffee is dried under 10% moisture level .

    Finally Good Agriculture practices(GAP) good post harvesting handling and better coffee processing methods will improve on Cup Quality which eventually improves on Aroma,Body,Acidity ,sweetness and others.

    Lookout for our next issue of Desuzacoffees’s best harvest farmer as we highlight the outstanding farmer the best micro-lot from Uganda on our Desuzacoffees’s website .

    “We have started the harvest and the season is good,” Alex Kacpo one of the outstanding coffee farmers from Kapichorwa ,Eastern coffee growing region in Uganda,Explains the processing of (wugar ) grade Classification for washed Ugandan Arabica coffee.

    We always pick the red ripe cherries put on a tarpaulin to remove the green which has come with the good ones,float the good cherries removing the ones on the top of the water,pulp within 8 hours of picking,ferment for 8-24 hours depending on the weather,wash with water to avoid contamination as we remove the one floating,dry on a raised platform locally constructed African raised beds to drip off the water then continue drying up to Mc between 13% and 11% .we stock and identify each harvest by lot ,variety ,farm and harvest period from the ripening type Early,intermediate and late.

    For more details log on our farmers market hub on

    Photo credit: Alex k

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    Desuzacoffees Green coffee Hub Empowers Women

    As uganda joins the rest of the world 🌎 to celebrate international coffee Day ,its 4th national celebration were held on 4th October 2018 at MUZARDI in mukono central region of uganda and the theme was the role of women in coffee.

    “Empower women in the coffee sector and achieve the coffee roadmap targets of 20million bags by 2025 earlier than planned “Hon victoria Ssekitoleko president IWCA uganda advised the stakeholders during the Celebration Event.

    Desuzacoffees Green coffee hub Empowers women and today we share our thoughts on how to improve on gender Equality

    Uganda’s coffee sector is the country’s largest export earner. Over one and a half million farmers are engaged in growing coffee making it the largest concentration of coffee farmers in the world. Raising premiums, improving yields and increasing farmer participation in the value chain are some of the highest value ways to address poverty in Uganda and drive economic development.

    The government of Uganda has raised the priority of the coffee sector within its national development activities. The National Coffee Strategy launched in April 2017 aims to increase production by 20m bags by 2025 and also to raise the quality of coffee produced and improve patterns of consumption and export. While the issues of land management, propagation and harvesting are well understood, the areas of market access and structuring to optimise marketing opportunities are less so.

    Coffee plays an important role in the economy of many Tropical countries by providing livelihood for an estimated 25 million rural households were 70% of the labor in coffee production is provided by women.The performance of the sector could be enhanced by strengthening the women who represent a crucial resource along the entire coffee value chain through their role as farmers,laborers or millennial local entrepreneurs but face severe constraints in accessing production factors and markets to link directly with the international coffee roasters and buyers

    But women still face gender specific constraints in accessing resources that hamper their agricultural productivity negatively affecting household welfare.when women harvest their smaller coffee harvest they are less likely to sell crops to markets leading to lower farm income,negatively affecting rural livelihoods and household welfare because men in Uganda coffee growing regions have more access to resources hence a higher gap in Agriculture productivity

    Using information Technology and Communication to raise awareness,empower the women through the use of mobile phones and Desuzacoffees online coffee market hub to support and empower small holder farmers to sell coffee and traditional African craft and Barista Gear this has improved on women’s agency and empowered Women Faster

    Type Robusta and send 7197 for local coffee prices

    Type Coffee and send 7197 for indicative international prices

    This sms platform helps farmers to compare current coffee market prices

    Improving transparency in remote Agricultural Markets

    Wefarm free Sms platform helps farmers to receive agronomic advice and Timely warnings about spreading pests and coffee plant diseases like CWD ,coffee wild Diseases and accessibility of new resistant coffee varieties.

    Therefore increase farm gate income which in turn improves on the nutrition of the dependents in the household.

    The Desuzacoffees green coffee hub was engineered to support and empower women in rural coffee growing regions of Uganda to sell specialty green beans directly to the international buyers and roaster directly.visit our coffee hub at

    Credit :



    Credit:UCDA @ugandacoffee

    Credit:Olam coffees

    An insight report from the international coffee organization

    Esther Agina a Kenyan Barista lady wins Kuwait Coffee Championships

    The 2nd edition of the Kuwait Aeropress Championships 2018 organized by Earth Roastery was held at crystal towers on 23rd September 2018 to determine Kuwait’s best cup of Aeropress recipe

    The winning Aeropress recipe must highlight pleasant aspect and this is what Esther Agina a Kenyan barista working with caffeine specialty coffee in kuwait did to win the mult-round elimination tournament to be crowned the champion and the First African lady to win Aeropress Championships in the whole of Middle East and kuwait Aeropress Championships she will present the state of Kuwait in world Aeropress Championships in Sydney Australia

    Esther centered in the middle

    In each round ,three competitors faced off against each other,simultaneously brewing a single cup of coffee using the Aeropress brewer.competitors had 8 minutes to prepare ,brew and present their coffee to the three judges. Our own Ugandan barista judge Emmanuel Wiire was one of the outstanding judges because of his experience as a roaster ,certified Q and R grader and as well as an established national barista judge from Africa currently at Earth Roastery one of the best Roastery in Middle East and they were the main organizers and sponsors of the Event.

    Drinks were presented in identical vessels,so the judges could not know who brewed which cup.As Desuzacoffees’ we found out the the competitors used a natural processed Guji from Oromia region in Ethiopia were the Oromos were consuming coffee centuries before the legendary story of Kaldi and his goats.

    One would argue that such an origin because of its cup character and history that it was easy to extract its particular flavor qualities but it was not the case and its what made this years Aeropress competition much fun and interesting for example to get the desired tangy-berry acidity without overpowering the natural sweetness from the coffee variety its self and the natural process which highlighted blueberry fragrance and the sweetness .

    It was a fun day filled with music ,joy and excitement for the entire kuwait coffee community to get together and appreciate Specialty coffee movement in an open ,inclusive and fun environment.

    As the 2018 World Aeropress Championships season is officially underway with a record high of more than 70 regional events happening across the globe for example Middle East boasts of Kuwait,Qatar Bahrain ,Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates with 6 regional Aeropress competitions.

    Africa boasts of Kenya were the Kenya Aeropress Championships were held at Nairobi Arboretum on 23rd of September while South Africa will hold their Aeropress Championships on 2nd September 2018 at Espresso Lab Micro Roasters ,Cape Town ,western Cape.

    Esther Agina the Kuwait Aeropress champion will represent the state of kuwait in Sydney in November for the 2018 World Aeropress Championships.As Desuzacoffees we look forward to support Esther in her journey to conquer the coffee world .she is the first African lady to win coffee competitions in Middle East ,Kenya is one of the best specialty coffee producers and the Kenyan coffee has won a lot of accolades and is recognized in the coffee world ,

    In our ebook journey titled Exploring African Great Lakes coffee we share a lot of coffee experiences and commitment of the small holder coffee farmers in the African Great Lakes region get your free audio of original copy.

    Tamper Specialty coffee was represented by James Raymond and he did remarkable job before he was eliminated after the second round but shall share his recipe for his Aeropress

    17 grams of Gugi (natural processed)

    Ek43 7.1 setting

    Bloom after 45 second as your stir

    Add 170 water

    Press gently

    Add 40 grams of water

    Total brew time 1:50

    Stir the final cup gently before serving.

    Leave your comments below for any suggestions as look forward to share more details and insights about the coffee’s most unlikely competition.

    Ugandan Coffee is not immune to Climate change

    Coffee production is sensitive to Temperature,Rainfall and variations in weather

    Regular sequence of weather patterns is crucial to the healthy development of coffee trees, and coffee quality in order to maintain a sustainable coffee production and improve the lives of coffee farmers by increasing their farm gate income and improve their standards of living .

    Climate change has jeopardized the economic and environmental sustainability and survival of 25 million coffee families worldwide,A major concern are the external factors that negatively affect coffee production and the small holder farmers and this is highly motivated by increasing poverty levels in most coffee producing countries in the African Great Lakes region .

    Climate change is characterized by extreme weather Events which include

     Increased Temperature

     Strong and in timely rains and wind

     Extended dry seasons

    Soil resources in the highlands of Uganda for example coffee growing regions around mountain Elgon in the Eastern part of Uganda and Areas around West nile southern western Uganda and coffee growing regions of mountain Ruwenzori have potential for high agricultural production ,they offer a diversity of opportunities for human survival

    However due to luck of ,productivity has been reduced drastically

    ,currently major problem include many types of soil degradation,erosion,leaching and biological degradation of vegetation humus and soil organisms,

    Causes include severe population pressure and lack of appropriate strategies for soil management

    Coffee Nature vs coffee Nurture

    Nature is what we think of as pre-wiring and is influenced by genetic inheritance and other biological factors whereas Nurture is generally taken as the influence of external factors after conception for example the product of exposure, Experience and learning on an individual

    Therefore the success of quality coffee Quality and increased coffee production is more to do with ,variety Genetics ,cultivar whereas the Terroir in this case the environment influence the way they interact in a complex manner

    Some of the reforms that will strengthen a sustainable supply chain

    To restore and improve soil resources in the highlands of Uganda and coffee growing Areas is a positive approach and urgent attempt to put end to the above cause factors are needed, A well-planned soil policy is essential first step.

    Promoting restoration of degraded landscape for sustainable production and to maintain eco system service

    Food system

    Promoting sustainable food systems to meet growing Ugandan and global demand

    Promoting Deforestation-free Agriculture commodity supply chain to slow loss of tropical forests.

    Carbon farming

    Some of the measures that will support carbon storage in farmlands which will include reduced tillage, integrated crop-livestock

    Agroforestry and other innovative soil quality improving techniques that clearly target sustainable and scalable GHG emissions reduction hence sustainable management of dry land landscapes and soil management

    Theory of change

    This approach will help to achieve the global and Ugandan vision for climate resilient ,sustainable and integrated landscape solutions ,in order to maintain and improve the environmental benefit.this strategy was recently supported by the current National coffee policy.

    Using Permculture to restore and improve soil resources in the coffee growing regions and highlands is a positive approach to improve on coffee Quality in uganda


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