Message of hope as UCDA and OWC joins hands to ensure Quality

Uganda which mostly grows 80% Robusta and 20%Arabica is boosting out trees planted in recent years come into production.The state run Uganda coffee Development Authority has said the crop may reach 5.8 million bags in 2020 and the country is targeting 20 million bags in 2025.

(OWC )operation wealth creation lunched in July 2013 by president Yoweri Museveni to create a system that facilitates effective national socio-economic transformation with the focus on raising household income ,According to OWC achievement recorded from UCDA coffee seedlings generate capacity increased from 44.57m in Financial year 2012/13 to 285.20 million financial year 2016/17 ,coffee seedlings increased from 19.3 million in FY 2012/13 to 172.77 million in FY 2016/17

Production has increased from 4 million bags in FY 2015/16 to 4.7 million bags in FY2017 and envisaged to increase 11% to 5.1 million 60 kilogram bags because of the better growing conditions,There was a marked increase in both quantity of exports and in value in FY 2016/17 of 18% and 39% respectively compared to FY 2015/16


How coffee processing has helped to improve on the Quality

Coffee hullers and processors were taught and guided on how to improve on processing techniques and implement the laws governing producing coffee which eventually resulted into a better quality cup but still the factory owners were warned and advised to follow the UCDA set standards and put permanent structures.

Coffee takes 2 to 5 years after with some varieties taking 3 years for the first harvest.However poor processing may jeopardize a year’s work in a matter of hours,Drying is probably the processing phase where most losses are incurred if not properly performed followed perhaps by pulping if used and hulling.

Sun drying maybe negatively affected by adverse weather ,lack of or poorly trained labor,inadequate tools e.t.c if excessive rain may prevent and cause unwanted fermentation

Excessive heat can have several negative impacts on coffee quality from bleaching to turning unripe cherries into black beans.

Over heating affects cup quality of kiboko popular name with sun dried coffee in Uganda mostly Robusta,”kiboko” a local word for Cane .

During colonial times the clan leaders and village chief Caned coffee farmers who dried coffee on bare ground .kiboko or sun dried (drugar) a grading classification for sun dried Ugandan Arabica coffee, should be revolved frequently. Though companies have resorted to mechanical drying and use of solar driers .

Hulling May cause physical damage to coffee beans mostly if the coffee is dried under 10% moisture level .

Finally Good Agriculture practices(GAP) good post harvesting handling and better coffee processing methods will improve on Cup Quality which eventually improves on Aroma,Body,Acidity ,sweetness and others.

Lookout for our next issue of Desuzacoffees’s best harvest farmer as we highlight the outstanding farmer the best micro-lot from Uganda on our Desuzacoffees’s website .

“We have started the harvest and the season is good,” Alex Kacpo one of the outstanding coffee farmers from Kapichorwa ,Eastern coffee growing region in Uganda,Explains the processing of (wugar ) grade Classification for washed Ugandan Arabica coffee.

We always pick the red ripe cherries put on a tarpaulin to remove the green which has come with the good ones,float the good cherries removing the ones on the top of the water,pulp within 8 hours of picking,ferment for 8-24 hours depending on the weather,wash with water to avoid contamination as we remove the one floating,dry on a raised platform locally constructed African raised beds to drip off the water then continue drying up to Mc between 13% and 11% .we stock and identify each harvest by lot ,variety ,farm and harvest period from the ripening type Early,intermediate and late.

For more details log on our farmers market hub on

Photo credit: Alex k

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Desuzacoffees Green coffee Hub Empowers Women

As uganda joins the rest of the world 🌎 to celebrate international coffee Day ,its 4th national celebration were held on 4th October 2018 at MUZARDI in mukono central region of uganda and the theme was the role of women in coffee.

“Empower women in the coffee sector and achieve the coffee roadmap targets of 20million bags by 2025 earlier than planned “Hon victoria Ssekitoleko president IWCA uganda advised the stakeholders during the Celebration Event.

Desuzacoffees Green coffee hub Empowers women and today we share our thoughts on how to improve on gender Equality

Uganda’s coffee sector is the country’s largest export earner. Over one and a half million farmers are engaged in growing coffee making it the largest concentration of coffee farmers in the world. Raising premiums, improving yields and increasing farmer participation in the value chain are some of the highest value ways to address poverty in Uganda and drive economic development.

The government of Uganda has raised the priority of the coffee sector within its national development activities. The National Coffee Strategy launched in April 2017 aims to increase production by 20m bags by 2025 and also to raise the quality of coffee produced and improve patterns of consumption and export. While the issues of land management, propagation and harvesting are well understood, the areas of market access and structuring to optimise marketing opportunities are less so.

Coffee plays an important role in the economy of many Tropical countries by providing livelihood for an estimated 25 million rural households were 70% of the labor in coffee production is provided by women.The performance of the sector could be enhanced by strengthening the women who represent a crucial resource along the entire coffee value chain through their role as farmers,laborers or millennial local entrepreneurs but face severe constraints in accessing production factors and markets to link directly with the international coffee roasters and buyers

But women still face gender specific constraints in accessing resources that hamper their agricultural productivity negatively affecting household welfare.when women harvest their smaller coffee harvest they are less likely to sell crops to markets leading to lower farm income,negatively affecting rural livelihoods and household welfare because men in Uganda coffee growing regions have more access to resources hence a higher gap in Agriculture productivity

Using information Technology and Communication to raise awareness,empower the women through the use of mobile phones and Desuzacoffees online coffee market hub to support and empower small holder farmers to sell coffee and traditional African craft and Barista Gear this has improved on women’s agency and empowered Women Faster

Type Robusta and send 7197 for local coffee prices

Type Coffee and send 7197 for indicative international prices

This sms platform helps farmers to compare current coffee market prices

Improving transparency in remote Agricultural Markets

Wefarm free Sms platform helps farmers to receive agronomic advice and Timely warnings about spreading pests and coffee plant diseases like CWD ,coffee wild Diseases and accessibility of new resistant coffee varieties.

Therefore increase farm gate income which in turn improves on the nutrition of the dependents in the household.

The Desuzacoffees green coffee hub was engineered to support and empower women in rural coffee growing regions of Uganda to sell specialty green beans directly to the international buyers and roaster directly.visit our coffee hub at

Credit :



Credit:UCDA @ugandacoffee

Credit:Olam coffees

An insight report from the international coffee organization

Esther Agina a Kenyan Barista lady wins Kuwait Coffee Championships

The 2nd edition of the Kuwait Aeropress Championships 2018 organized by Earth Roastery was held at crystal towers on 23rd September 2018 to determine Kuwait’s best cup of Aeropress recipe

The winning Aeropress recipe must highlight pleasant aspect and this is what Esther Agina a Kenyan barista working with caffeine specialty coffee in kuwait did to win the mult-round elimination tournament to be crowned the champion and the First African lady to win Aeropress Championships in the whole of Middle East and kuwait Aeropress Championships she will present the state of Kuwait in world Aeropress Championships in Sydney Australia

Esther centered in the middle

In each round ,three competitors faced off against each other,simultaneously brewing a single cup of coffee using the Aeropress brewer.competitors had 8 minutes to prepare ,brew and present their coffee to the three judges. Our own Ugandan barista judge Emmanuel Wiire was one of the outstanding judges because of his experience as a roaster ,certified Q and R grader and as well as an established national barista judge from Africa currently at Earth Roastery one of the best Roastery in Middle East and they were the main organizers and sponsors of the Event.

Drinks were presented in identical vessels,so the judges could not know who brewed which cup.As Desuzacoffees’ we found out the the competitors used a natural processed Guji from Oromia region in Ethiopia were the Oromos were consuming coffee centuries before the legendary story of Kaldi and his goats.

One would argue that such an origin because of its cup character and history that it was easy to extract its particular flavor qualities but it was not the case and its what made this years Aeropress competition much fun and interesting for example to get the desired tangy-berry acidity without overpowering the natural sweetness from the coffee variety its self and the natural process which highlighted blueberry fragrance and the sweetness .

It was a fun day filled with music ,joy and excitement for the entire kuwait coffee community to get together and appreciate Specialty coffee movement in an open ,inclusive and fun environment.

As the 2018 World Aeropress Championships season is officially underway with a record high of more than 70 regional events happening across the globe for example Middle East boasts of Kuwait,Qatar Bahrain ,Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates with 6 regional Aeropress competitions.

Africa boasts of Kenya were the Kenya Aeropress Championships were held at Nairobi Arboretum on 23rd of September while South Africa will hold their Aeropress Championships on 2nd September 2018 at Espresso Lab Micro Roasters ,Cape Town ,western Cape.

Esther Agina the Kuwait Aeropress champion will represent the state of kuwait in Sydney in November for the 2018 World Aeropress Championships.As Desuzacoffees we look forward to support Esther in her journey to conquer the coffee world .she is the first African lady to win coffee competitions in Middle East ,Kenya is one of the best specialty coffee producers and the Kenyan coffee has won a lot of accolades and is recognized in the coffee world ,

In our ebook journey titled Exploring African Great Lakes coffee we share a lot of coffee experiences and commitment of the small holder coffee farmers in the African Great Lakes region get your free audio of original copy.

Tamper Specialty coffee was represented by James Raymond and he did remarkable job before he was eliminated after the second round but shall share his recipe for his Aeropress

17 grams of Gugi (natural processed)

Ek43 7.1 setting

Bloom after 45 second as your stir

Add 170 water

Press gently

Add 40 grams of water

Total brew time 1:50

Stir the final cup gently before serving.

Leave your comments below for any suggestions as look forward to share more details and insights about the coffee’s most unlikely competition.

Ugandan Coffee is not immune to Climate change

Coffee production is sensitive to Temperature,Rainfall and variations in weather

Regular sequence of weather patterns is crucial to the healthy development of coffee trees, and coffee quality in order to maintain a sustainable coffee production and improve the lives of coffee farmers by increasing their farm gate income and improve their standards of living .

Climate change has jeopardized the economic and environmental sustainability and survival of 25 million coffee families worldwide,A major concern are the external factors that negatively affect coffee production and the small holder farmers and this is highly motivated by increasing poverty levels in most coffee producing countries in the African Great Lakes region .

Climate change is characterized by extreme weather Events which include

 Increased Temperature

 Strong and in timely rains and wind

 Extended dry seasons

Soil resources in the highlands of Uganda for example coffee growing regions around mountain Elgon in the Eastern part of Uganda and Areas around West nile southern western Uganda and coffee growing regions of mountain Ruwenzori have potential for high agricultural production ,they offer a diversity of opportunities for human survival

However due to luck of ,productivity has been reduced drastically

,currently major problem include many types of soil degradation,erosion,leaching and biological degradation of vegetation humus and soil organisms,

Causes include severe population pressure and lack of appropriate strategies for soil management

Coffee Nature vs coffee Nurture

Nature is what we think of as pre-wiring and is influenced by genetic inheritance and other biological factors whereas Nurture is generally taken as the influence of external factors after conception for example the product of exposure, Experience and learning on an individual

Therefore the success of quality coffee Quality and increased coffee production is more to do with ,variety Genetics ,cultivar whereas the Terroir in this case the environment influence the way they interact in a complex manner

Some of the reforms that will strengthen a sustainable supply chain

To restore and improve soil resources in the highlands of Uganda and coffee growing Areas is a positive approach and urgent attempt to put end to the above cause factors are needed, A well-planned soil policy is essential first step.

Promoting restoration of degraded landscape for sustainable production and to maintain eco system service

Food system

Promoting sustainable food systems to meet growing Ugandan and global demand

Promoting Deforestation-free Agriculture commodity supply chain to slow loss of tropical forests.

Carbon farming

Some of the measures that will support carbon storage in farmlands which will include reduced tillage, integrated crop-livestock

Agroforestry and other innovative soil quality improving techniques that clearly target sustainable and scalable GHG emissions reduction hence sustainable management of dry land landscapes and soil management

Theory of change

This approach will help to achieve the global and Ugandan vision for climate resilient ,sustainable and integrated landscape solutions ,in order to maintain and improve the environmental benefit.this strategy was recently supported by the current National coffee policy.

Using Permculture to restore and improve soil resources in the coffee growing regions and highlands is a positive approach to improve on coffee Quality in uganda


The Future of Small holder Coffee Sustainability in Uganda

Green leaf in our logo represents the future of small holder coffee sustainability

Sustainability of the coffee sector

The coffee sector is one of sensitivity and interconnectedness because of its far reaching impacts on both humankind and biodiversity. Its sustainability therefore takes into consideration all the stress factors that affect the economy, smallholder farmer wellbeing and the natural environment in general. Examples of such factors include pests and diseases, deforestation, unfair farm gate prices and weather uncertainties.

The undisputed fact is that the production of high quality coffees requires specific soil conditions, amounts of sun exposure and generally weather conditions. This renders the sector very sensitive to changes in the environment issues that the smallholder farmers and large estate owners can’t single handedly prevent but can reduce its impact on their livelihoods by employing a range of approaches to increase their farms’ resilience.

Most of the farmers in Uganda and the East African community have not been equipped with the appropriate knowledge on the extent of the challenge which makes their farms vulnerable to the arising consequences. This therefore calls for farmer trainings on climate smart coffee farming practices that would enable them to better adapt to climate change and protect the environment. For example, farmers need to be trained on how to mulch and shade so as to reduce plant and soil temperatures which are of high vitality in the region where they rise and threaten coffee productivity and quality. Minimum tillage and planting of cover crops as ways of reducing soil water evaporation. Composting serves to retain the soil texture, moisture and also reduce on the need for artificial fertilizers whose production emits greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Farmers also need to receive trainings on how to plant vetiver grass as a way of mitigating soil erosion and water purification. Use of compost manure also helps to reduce on the farm waste.

The above practices will not only lead to improved yields central to increasing farmers’ incomes but also increase the volume of coffee the wet mill requires so as to run to an accepted profit level. This translates to increasing the local domestic consumption which in turn leads to a rise in the revenue collected by the government in Β form of taxes,

The best challenge for domestic coffee consumption in African Great lakes Region is Affordability and Availability of coffee to the local farmers and the surrounding population.

At Desuzacoffees we believe in empowering the small holder farmers to access both local and international markets directly through micro cooperative.

However much environmental sustainability is more emphasized, economic sustainability of the coffee sector is an issue that can not be swept under the carpet. Economic sustainability takes into account the wellbeing of the various players in the value chain, particularly the farmers who are the weakest in the link. Put more precisely, the smallholder farmer in the rural area will strive to meet social and environmental goals when he or she is able to favorably compete with other market participants and achieve prices that cover his or her production costs and also allow him to earn a reasonable profit margin. This is what needs to be established in Uganda if coffee investment and production are to be stepped up.

This too calls for a change in policy as the current trends glorify the market intermediaries and the speciality industry with minimal consideration of the efforts put in by the smallholder farmer who solely relies on the coffees for livelihood. This will involve building new business models so as to attract the financial and credit giving institutions to consider invest in the sector. This will avail capital to the potential investors who ultimately contribute to an increase in yield hence growth of the sector.

“We hope to see the day when farmers under micro co- operative society roast ,pack ,market and do quality control for specialty coffee directly on the farm hence changing the narrative of consumer is king to farmer is king” therefore shifting specialty coffee consumption back to the origin (specialty coffee cellers right at the origin)

Conclusively, the coffee sector in Uganda requires a new lease of life; better policies that are realistic within the coffee growing regions and support from the government given the fact that coffee is one of the main crops that have helped alleviate the masses from dire poverty. This will give room for new investors coming on board hence contributing to the promotion of the crop and the growth of the sector.

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